Which Eye Colors Are the Rarest? (2023)

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By Adam Debrowski

Which Eye Colors Are the Rarest? (1)

Green is the rarest eye color of the more common colors. Outside of a few exceptions, nearly everyone has eyes that are brown, blue, green or somewhere in between. Other colors like gray or hazel are less common.

Once upon a time, every human in existence had brown eyes. That certainly isn’t the case any longer. The color of our eyes tends to play a big part in our self image and, in some cases, can be a genetic throwback to your family tree. It can be hard to even imagine what you’d look like with a different eye color.

The American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO) conducted a survey to determine the eye color percentage of people across America. The results are listed below, ordered from most rare to most common.

Green eyes

If you have green eyes, you’re in luck. In addition to being the rarest eye color among Americans, green eyes are the most attractive, according to 66,000 people who voted in our survey.

(Video) 7 Rare Eye Colors People Can Have

Just how rare are green eyes? Fewer than one out of every 10 Americans (9%) has them. But why are green eyes so rare?

Surrounding each pupil, the colored portion of our eyes is called the iris. A pigment called melanin is responsible for that color — the same pigment that determines the color of our skin. And just like our skin, less melanin means lighter colors, while more melanin equals darker colors.

Every eye color — yes, even green — is actually some shade of brown, thanks to the melanin inside the iris. Light bounces off this melanin in different ways and creates a sort of optical illusion, allowing us to see vibrant greens and blues.

Iris color is determined by our parents’ eye colors mixed with a little genetic lottery. Green irises have an uncommon melanin level — less than “truly” brown eyes, but more than blue eyes. This is why green eyes are so unique.

And while 9% is indeed rare, green eyes have an even lower eye color percentage across the globe. Only 2% of the world’s population has green eyes, according to the demography resource World Atlas.

SEE RELATED: How eye color develops and why it changes

Do you have light-colored eyes?
Green eyes are the rarest, globally speaking. But they're not necessarily the rarest in all parts of the world.

Wherever you reside, lighter eyes (like green) are more sensitive to the sun. Those with light-colored eyes are also more likely to experience vision problems.

So get those gorgeous green eyes in to see a local eye doctor today. And be sure to keep up with routine eye exams.

Hazel eyes

A blend of brown and green, hazel eyes represent 18% of the American population. Most of the bronze color tends to settle near the outer edge of the iris, while tiny streaks of brown, green and even gold are seen closer to the pupil.

But like green eyes, hazel eyes tend to be much rarer elsewhere in the world. As a whole, only about 5% of the global population has hazel-colored eyes.

(Video) The RAREST EYE COLORS In Humans

If you or someone you know has hazel eyes, you may have noticed the eye color “changing” from time to time. This is because the hazel pigment level has a unique ability to reflect light in strange ways, giving off the perception of a shifting iris color.

Blue eyes

If you have blue eyes, you’re related (sort of) to every other person who has blue eyes. About 10,000 years ago, someone in what is modern-day Europe was born with a genetic mutation causing permanently blue eyes. Every blue-eyed person today is a distant descendant of this one, ancient human.

About 27% of Americans have blue eyes, making it the third rarest eye color.

Eye color isn’t always reflective of heritage, but America’s large number of blue eyes can be at least partially attributed to the large number of citizens with Scandinavian, British, Irish and Eastern European backgrounds.

In the United Kingdom and Ireland, over half of all residents have blue eyes. In Finland and Sweden, that number is 80% to 90% — more than four out of every five residents.

Worldwide, however, blue eyes are much rarer. World Atlas notes that only 8% to 10% of the global population has blue eyes.

Violet eyes are even rarer, but they’re a bit misleading; someone with “violet” irises is usually sporting a special shade of blue. Light bounces off their surroundings and turns their eyes into a deceiving, yet breathtaking rendition of purple.

SEE RELATED: Is there a disease that causes purple eyes?

Brown eyes

If you have brown eyes, you have the most common eye color found in humans.

(Video) Comparison : Rarest Eye Color

They may not be rare, but you can take pride in knowing you’re sporting the “original” eye color — the same one early humans in modern-day Africa had, hundreds of thousands of years ago.

To this day, brown eyes are overwhelmingly dominant in Africa and Asia.

Forty-five percent of Americans, and as many as 79% of people worldwide, have some variation of brown eyes. Colors can range from a lighter chestnut to darker hues that almost seem to blend in with the pupil.

While some people may appear to have irises that are black, they don’t technically exist. People with black-colored eyes instead have very dark brown eyes that are almost indistinguishable from the pupil.

In fact, brown eyes are even the most common eye color in newborn babies. A common misconception is that most or all babies are born with blue eyes, when in reality, “blue” should be substituted with “brown.”

The Newborn Eye Screening Test (NEST) study found that 63% of babies were born with brown eyes, while only 21% were born with blue eyes. About 6% had hazel or green eyes, while 10% couldn’t be determined at the time of birth.

Other eye colors

If you’ve been doing the math, you already know that these colors only add up to 99%. What about the other 1%?

There are a few unique colors, and combinations of colors, that make up this group: the rarest of the rare.

Some people may group gray eyes (also spelled grey eyes) with blue eyes. Their low melanin content is similar, but in fact, gray irises are significantly more rare than standard blue eyes.

(Video) Probability Comparison: Eye Color

If you look closely, you might even spot streaks of brown, amber and gold within the gray.

Even less common is a condition called heterochromia — different colored eyes. It’s usually the result of a harmless genetic mutation, but it can also be caused by underlying disorders and injuries.

People who have albinism lack most or all melanin, giving their skin, hair and eyes a very light appearance. This often results in light blue eyes but can rarely show as pink or pale red-colored eyes, when a complete absence of melanin causes tiny blood vessels to become visible.

Of the less common eye colors, pink and red eyes are considered to be the most unique in the world, giving new meaning to the word “rare.” Only one in every 20,000 people have a form of albinism, according to the National Institutes of Health, and even fewer have red-tinted eyes.

READ MORE: Celebrities with heterochromia

Your blue eyes aren’t really blue. American Academy of Ophthalmology. March 2021.

(Video) I found out what the rarest EYE COLORS are 😳👁

What color are newborns’ eyes? Prevalence of iris color in the newborn eye screening test (NEST) study. Acta Ophthalmologica. April 2016.

Oculocutaneous albinism. MedlinePlus. Accessed May 2021.

Page published on Saturday, September 5, 2020


What is the most rare eye color? ›

Green is considered by some to be the actual rarest eye color in the world, though others would say it's been dethroned by red, violet, and grey eyes. Green eyes don't possess a lot of melanin, which creates a Rayleigh scattering effect: Light gets reflected and scattered by the eyes instead of absorbed by pigment.

What are the two rarest eye colors? ›

The first-ever pair of baby blues was a genetic fluke that was passed on—and on and on. The second-rarest eye color is hazel, a mixture of brown and green with golden flecks. About 18% of Americans have hazel eyes, compared with about 5% of the world's population.

What is the prettiest eye color? ›

We found that green is the most popular lens colour, with brown coming in a close second, despite it being one of the most common eye colours. Although blue and hazel are seen as the most attractive eye colours for men and women they are surprisingly the least popular.

Are purple eyes real? ›

Unbelievable as it may seem, the answer is yes—natural purple eyes do exist. Purple eyes are also commonly referred to as “violet eyes,” as they are typically a light shade. For most people, this striking eye color can only be achieved with the help of colored contacts.

Are grey eyes rare? ›

Human eyes come in many colors — brown, blue, green, hazel, amber, and even violet or gray eyes. Gray eye color is one of the loveliest and most uncommon, a trait shared by only 3% of the world's population.

Can 2 brown eyed people have a blue eyed baby? ›

Likewise, two brown-eyed parents can have a child with blue eyes, although this is also uncommon.

Is black eye color rare? ›

Some people think that black eyes are one of the rarest eye colors. Have you ever seen someone with eyes that seem black as night? Although they appear black, they are really just a very, very dark brown, which is caused by an abundance of melanin.

Did Elizabeth Taylor have purple eyes? ›

Did Elizabeth Taylor have violet eyes? These days, thanks to colored contact lenses, anyone can have violet-colored eyes . Taylor didn't come by her purple peepers that way; the first tinted contact lenses weren't commercially available until 1983. Taylor's eye color was the real deal.

What eye color is dominant? ›

The allele for brown eyes is the most dominant allele and is always dominant over the other two alleles and the allele for green eyes is always dominant over the allele for blue eyes, which is always recessive.

How rare is purple eyes? ›

Are Purple Eyes Rare? True purple eyes are exceedingly rare. Less than 1% of the world's population has them, making them rarer than blue, hazel, amber, grey, or green.

Do blue eyes see better in the dark? ›

Blue eyes. This is the next most common eye color, encompassing about 10% of the population. While blue eyes are more sensitive to light during the day, people with blue eyes tend to see better at night – unless there are bright lights.

What eye color is healthier? ›

Of all eye colors, brown seems to be the only one that could be called “advantageous” from a survival perspective. While more research is needed, darker irises are linked to a number of health benefits, including these: Reduced risk of macular degeneration. Lower melanoma risk.

What are the top 3 prettiest eye colors? ›

Blue, brown, and green eyes are considered the most beautiful colors. What's the rarest eye color? Gray, green, and hazel/amber are some of the rarest eye colors.

What eye color is most attractive to guys? ›

Of the participants who were surveyed, the majority of both men and women found blue to be the most attractive eye color. In regard to eye colors other than blue, the study found that men preferred women who had green eyes over those with brown eyes.

Can 2 blue eyed parents have a brown eyed child? ›

Can two parents with blue eyes have a child with brown eyes? Yes, blue-eyed parents can definitely have a child with brown eyes. Or green or hazel eyes for that matter. If you stayed awake during high school biology, you might find this answer surprising.

What eye color is rarer than GREY? ›

Green eyes are rarer than gray eyes, but only by 1%. Around 3% of the world's population has gray eyes. Like blue eyes, gray eyes are caused by a lack of melanin in the iris.

What are the 6 eye colors? ›

Irises are classified as being one of six colors: amber, blue, brown, gray, green, hazel, or red.


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